Basic Prenatal Exercise: Arm/Upper Back Stretch

There are few basic exercises which will help increase your strength and flexibility. If you have limited time, this exercise are highly recommended and should take only about ten minutes per day. Check with a qualified prenatal exercise instructor if you are not sure that you are doing the exercises correctly. This exercise is also known as “flying arm exercise”. Recommendation: repeat 5 times.

How to do the exercise:
1) Raise your arms over your head. Keep your elbows straight and the palms of your hands facing one another. Hold for at least 20 seconds.

2) Lower your arms out to your side. Keep your upper back straight.

3) Bring the backs of your hands together as far as possible behind your back and stretch.

 

Stay healthy, do exercise, share the knowledge.

 

credit: basic exercises for pregnant women – http://www.babies.sutterhealth.org/during/preg_basicexercises.html

Disease In Pregnancy: Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1)

Beginning in early gestation, glucose and various gluconeogenic amino acids reach the fetus against a concentration gradient by facilitated diffusion. Since maternal loss of glucose and gluconeogenic substrate to the fetus conspires to cause maternal hypoglycemia, it is often necessary to reduce the total daily insulin dosage during the first trimester.

At approximately 24 weeks’ gestation, the so-called diabetogenic stress of pregnancy begins. At this time, basal insulin levels are higher than normal nongravid levels, and eating produces a twofold to threefold greater outpouring of insulin. Increased plasma insulin is opposed by diminished responsiveness to insulin in the periphery. This insulin resistance is thought to result, at least in part, from the contraregulatory hormones – such as human placental lactogen, prolactin, and cortisol – produced by the placenta. Thus in the second half of gestation, insulin requirements predictably increase in women with type I diabetes. In addition, gestational diabetes is most likely to begin at this time.

Major congenital anomalies remain the leading cause of death among infants of diabetic mothers. In insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) pregnancies, poor preconception diabetic control, duration of diabetes of greater than 10 years, and the presence of diabetic vasculopathy have been identified as risk factors for a major congenital anomaly. An IDDM pregnancy carries an especially high risk for neural tube anomalies (19.5 per 1000 versus 2 per 1000 for nondiabetic pregnancies). In addition, there is a fivefold increase in cardiac abnormalities, which include Ventricular septal defects, transposition of the great vessels, and coarctation of the aorta. Renal anomalies, including agenesis and ureteral duplication, and gastrointestinal anomalies, such as duodenal atresia and anorectal atresia, are also more common. Prenatal diagnosis of fetal anomalies is aided by tests for potential risk (maternal glycosylated hemoglobin levels); maternal serum α-fetoprotein estimation for neural tube defects; and a fetal anatomic survey by ultrasound at 18 to 20 weeks gestation.

Most, if not all, of the aforementioned anomalies are formed early in gestation, by 8 weeks after the last menstrual period. Furthermore, the teratogenic potential of hyperglycemia has been established by animal and human studies. It is therefore mandatory to initiate diabetes education and optimal blood glucose control before conception to prevent major congenital malformations. A useful marker for this treatment goal is the near normalization of maternal glycosylated hemoglobin concentration before attempting conception. Good metabolic control before conception also reduces the risk of spontaneous abortion to no greater than that of nondiabetic women.

 

credit: Diabetes Mellitus, Type I -Endocrine Disorders- http://www.health.am/pregnancy/more/diabetes-mellitus-type-i/

17 Things You Should Do Before Getting Pregnant

Here is one tip about pregnancy preparation which I think very good to share. I’ve got this from http://www.babycenter.com/0_seventeen-things-you-should-do-before-you-try-to-get-pregnan_7171.bc. It’s not much but sharing is caring :)

You’ve decided to take the plunge into parenthood. But wait just a second — or a month or two, at least. To give yourself the best chance for a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby, there are some important things you need to do before you head down the road to conception.

1. Schedule a preconception visit
2. Take folic acid (and watch out for vitamin A)
3. Give up drinking, smoking, and drugs – and get help if you need it
4. Stock your fridge with healthy foods
5. Give those cups of joe the heave-ho
6. Get your weight in check
7. Pay attention to the fish you eat
8. Create and follow an exercise program
9. See your dentist
10. Get in touch with your medical roots
11. Consider money matters
12. Consider your mental health
13. Avoid infections
14. Reduce environmental risks
15. Think your decision through
16. Figure out when you ovulate
17. Toss your birth control

You may find the elaborations at www.babycenter.com. Just click to the link I’ve shared above. It is a very good reading material.

The Best Time To Get Pregnant

The best time to get pregnant fast is to have sex or sexual intercourse once a day every day during the 4-5 days before and on the day of ovulation.

There is no single “best day” or best time to get pregnant and to make love if you want to improve your chances of getting pregnant. Studies have shown repeatedly that you can improve your chances of getting pregnant by:

1) Have sex every day once if his sperm count is fine
2) Have sex frequently during your fertile day (four days are better than one day)
3) Have sex once daily, during the two days prior to the day of ovulation and on the day of ovulation

Making love the day after ovulation won’t get you pregnant.

To improve your chances of getting pregnant, you need to have sex regularly throughout the menstrual cycle and especially during your fertile days. That requires that you first find out how to calculate your fertile days.

While there is no definitive proof that you always improve your chances of getting pregnant by timing sexual intercourse, it can help if you calculate ovulation and your fertile days by using our fertility calendar, doing BBT fertility charting, and using OPKs, or fertility monitors.

Studies have shown that in women with regular cycles, ovulation can happen on many days of the menstrual cycle and there could be many days not just a single best time to get pregnant. Even in women with a regular cycle, there is a 10% chance of ovulating each day after the menstrual period ends.

Because having sex after ovulation won’t get you pregnant, it’s generally suggested to have sex regularly two to three times a week, every week. That is your best time to get pregnant to improve your chances of getting pregnant.

In addition, you may still want to make love daily during the four to five “fertile” days prior to and during ovulation (if his sperm count is OK). But if that’s all you do, then it won’t probably increase your pregnancy chances.

source of info: http://www.babymed.com/best-time-to-get-pregnant

Best Chance To Get Pregnant

pregnant-woman-with-man-photo-420x420-

Pregnancy is a miracle. For every married couples would have been dreaming to live with wonderful family by their side. However, getting pregnant may not be so easy to some loving couples and some of them might have been given up trying. Well, here are some tips for those who want to increase their chances on getting pregnant. Below are just a few, there a lot more out there on the internet.

1) having sex regularly about 3 times a week
2) monitor your ovulation
3) have sex just before the ovulation
4) have a regular health check-ups
5) avoid tobaccos, drugs and alcohols
6) have an enjoyable sex. don’t let the stress kill you!
7) use the best sex positions to get pregnant

You may find more information over here: http://www.justmommies.com/articles/how-to-get-pregnant.shtml

It is a great knowledge sharing websites for women and pregnancies.